Pop art was concerning the study of popular culture and related art movements. At the same time, it had somewhat ironic meanings and the extended human nature. Simply speaking, pop art grew out of the current art market.
Although Pop Art began in the late 1950s, Pop Art in America was given its greatest impetus during the 1960s. By this time, American advertising had adopted many elements and inflections of modern art and functioned at a very sophisticated level. It first appeared in England and became popular in the United States. The slogan was: the art should not be elegant, instead it should be equal to the real life. Once this slogan was put forward, people found everything fresh and new. American artists immediately felt that a new world was coming. In a short period of time, all kinds of art styles of the United States appeared and western modern art showed a spectacular scene.
Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg were the two important painters in the founding of American pop art world. While the paintings of Rauschenberg had close relations to the earlier work of Kurt Schwitters and other Dadaists, what he described was more concerned with social issues of the moment. His method was to create art from ephemeral materials and using topical events in the life of everyday America made his work a unique quality. Johns' and Rauschenberg's work of the 1950s was classified as Neo-Dada by people of that time, and was visually distinct from the classic American Pop Art which began in the early 1960s.
Pop art deeply reflected the commercial culture of western industrial hustle and bustle life. Its representatives were: Andy Warhol, Keith Haring, Roy Lichtenstein, David Hockney, etc.