Founded by Theo van Doesburg, Neo-Plasticism was a Dutch movement in painting and sculpture that strived to produce pure form and color, completely devoid of realism and the artist emotion. Also called De Stijl, another leading figure of the movement was Piet Mondrian who published the manifesto, Neo-Plasticism in 1920. In 1917, the magazine "The Style" was published as a realm to explain the artists work and to discuss and spread new ideas of modern art.
The Neo-plastic style is characterized by a reversion to the basic fundamentals of art: color, form, level, and line. Artists used mostly straight horizontal and vertical lines and black, white, gray, and primary colors.
The Neo-Plasticism movement ended in 1931 when van Doesburg founded a new alliance called "Abstraction-Creation." The movement was very influential in the development of the Bauhaus and International Style.