Synthetism, in art, method of painting evolved by Paul Gauguin, Émile Bernard, Louis Anquetin, and others in the 1880s to emphasize two-dimensional flat patterns, thus breaking with Impressionist art and theory , to distinguish their work from Impressionism. Earlier, Synthetism has been connected to the term Cloisonnism, and later to Symbolism. The term is derived from the French verb synthétiser (to synthesizeor to combine so as to form a new, complex product). The style shows a conscious effort to work less directly from nature and to rely more upon memory.
Synthetist artists aimed to synthesize three features: the outward appearance of natural forms, the artist’s feelings about their subject, the purity of the aesthetic considerations of line, color and form.