Romanticism is built on the basis of pursuit of liberty, equality, fraternity, and personal liberation with a strong focus on fantasy beauty, emotional communication and passionate disposition expression. Its subjects are mainly concerned with unique personalities, exotic ambience, life tragedy and unusual events. The romanticism pioneers are the French painter Shyleaco and French painter Delacroix who made the romanticism painting reached its peak.
Shyleaco (1781 to 1824) is a pioneer of the French romantic painting. Born in Lyon of France, Shyleaco came to study painting in Paris at the age of 15. Deeply influenced by the predecessors, he had created some romanticism works. Although his life was short, his lifetime was filled with passion, fantasy and pains, all of which were reflected in his works. He excelled at expressing peoples inner feelings in a realistic approach. All the subjects of his work were made from real life and had removed all nonessential things. Raft of Medusa was the most representative work of Shyleaco. It was based on the event of "Medusa" ocean-going vessels running against rocks, reflecting distressed seamen's great passion and desire to live at the moment of rescued boats after 13-day drift on a raft at sea.
Eugène Delacroix (1798 to 1863) was an important painter of the French Romantic painting. Born in a lawyer's family in Paris, he was enthusiastically fond of art and entered to Art Academy at the age of 18. During that time, he got acquainted with Shyleaco known as the pioneer of romanticism painting. As a consequence, his early works were much inspired by Shyleaco. His paintings were good at displaying the active scenes, bright color, bold and vigorous feelings. His major works are Dante and Virgil, massacre of Chia Island, freedom of leading the people. Delacroix was a great and influential painter in the history of western art and has made significant contribution to the development of romanticism painting.