Landscape painting is the major theme of Chinese paintings in china, it origins from the Eastern Jin Dynasty, which is 1600 years ago. In china, landscape painting is called “Shan Shui”, which means mountain and river (Shaw 1988). Usually the purpose of Chinese landscape painting is not only represent the exact appearance of nature, but also reflects the painter’s feelings and emotions to the landscape and his philosophy of life.
In contrast, western painting originated from ancient Greece and Rome and its development was contemporaneous with other art forms such as music, dance and sculpture. The contents that western paintings portrayed were closely associated with people’s daily life.
Chinese landscape painting is created using ink brush, ink stick, ink stone and Xuan paper. Oil painting is the main type of western painting. Painters usually draw contents on cloth, board, canvas or thick paper with oily pigments. The characteristic of oil painting is the rich of colour that has a strong artistic expression and can express the realistic sense of the objects.