Corneliu Baba was born on November 18, 1906, in Craiova, his father was also a painter.
Baba graduated from the department of Philosophy at the University of Bucharest in 1930, and began to study art systematically in the Iasi school in 1934. He began to cut a figure from 1941 and often took participation in a number of domestic held exhibitions. In 1943, his work The farmer from fields was on display in some exhibitions. This work showed his talent and intelligence and won consistent high praises.
After World WarⅡ, in the age that people took power of, his art was more mature and famous at home and abroad. The Republic granted him the title of People's Artist, and selected him to the academician of the Art Academy of Sciences. The Soviet Union and the German Democratic Republic awarded him the title of Honorary Fellow.
His works were warm, abundant and cordial. The characters of his works rooted from life and looked natural, real and moving.
The two former oil paintings described the tragic life of the pre-liberation farmers, he obviously inherited the excellent of style of Crigorescu Nikolae in shaping the characters of the peasants. The points were not to represent some dramatic plots but to display the rich emotions in the depth of the farmers’ hearts. After the wars, he also devoted himself to show the strong, tough qualities and noble moralities of the farmers in his depiction of modern workers.