Long before the 19th century in Europe, painting tools were produced by artists in the workshop according to their own needs. After the industrial revolution, this traditional manual has been replaced by specialized production factory. Although this is a symbol of the liberation of painters, since then painters have no opportunity to intervene tool production to make the tools meet the individual needs of practical.
As is known to all, there must be an indirect tool to make the pigment attached to the relying object. For a long time the used backing materials are wall, board, laminate, professional card, linen, diablement fort and canvas.
From a physical point of view, the role of painting tools is just to stir up the pigment and make it rely on the backing material. However, due to the different nature of tools, there exist significant differences in the aesthetic itself. The oil painting brush and palette knife is rendered soft and just complementary opposites objective results in stroke effect, which also determines the different aesthetic tendencies.
The hair quality of the oil painting brush is very soft and it also has good flexibility. It can be received, can be put, but also contains oil, and be used to draw the low concentration of the diluted pigment. While the new brushes are the special restructuring tools that are used animal hair and artificial fiber as raw material. Palette knife is a special tool made with steel processing. By contrast with painting brush, it has a strong elastic force, and its quality is hard and just, which is mainly used to transmit relatively high concentration of paste pigment, and scrape the pigment from the backing material when it was wet.